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CBCK Newsletter No.38 (Spring 2002)
Index
The Lives of the 103 Korean Martyr

The Lives of the 103 Korean Martyr Saints - 22 (1)

Saint Kim Ob-I Magdalene (1774-1839)
Saint Kim A-gi Agatha (1787-1839)
Saint Han A-gi Barbara (1792-1839)

The first executions of 1839 took place at the Small West Gate in Seoul. Nine persons were martyred, of whom three were men and six were women. Three of the women, Kim Ob-I Magdalene, Kim A-gi Agatha, Han A-gi Barbara, had been arrested three years earlier and spent the intervening time in prison.
Kim Ob-I Madgalene
was a Catholic from her childhood, unlike many others. She came into adulthood with a deep faith. Uppermost in her mind was the question of how to live a holy life. She fervently meditated on how she, as a woman, could best serve the Lord and made every effort to follow the teachings of the Church both in mind and body. While still young she had made up her mind to remain a virgin because it was the only way to ensure she would follow the teaching of Jesus and keep her body pure. However, this dream was not to be fulfilled. Her parents were not Catholics and they could not understand her intention. Young Magdalene could not overcome her parents' opposition and consequently got married. Due to the Lord's grace her new family was Catholic, but unfortunately, she lost her husband early and her children as well. After her mother's death, Magdalene committed herself more actively to the Church and the practice of her faith. She taught Catholic doctrine to her neighbors. Her personality was so pleasant that many people were happy to learn from her. At this time the government began to persecute the Catholic religion. She was willing to offer her life for the Church if that was what was required.

Kim A-gi Agatha was born into, and brought up in, a family that had no connection with the Catholic Church. She also married into such a family. At that time Catholic teachings were regarded as heresy after the incident in 1791, when Yun Chi-ch'ung Paul burned his ancestral tablets. It was only a matter of time that persecution broke out. In fact it came in 1801. Agatha and her husband had no occasion to learn the Catholic doctrine and, knowing the dangers involved, they showed no inclination to do so either. They stuck to Confucianism. However, one day Agatha's older sister came for a visit. She was a devoted Catholic. In the front room of Agatha's house was a large rice chest and over it the ancestral tablets. There was also a strange picture on the wall. Agatha's sister regarded these as the height of wickedness. When the opportunity offered itself she said to her younger sister,
"What on earth do you keep those things in your house for? It is
useless superstition. Throw them out and do not believe in them again."
"What can I do? I am married to someone who believes in them."
"There is only one who rules over the whole world. That is Christ. It is time you also woke from darkness to learn and practice the truth."

After listening to her sister Agatha experienced a great longing. While agreeing with her sister's reasoning, she could not ignore the reality of her own surroundings. She was a woman who, up until then, had lived in a house that had no connection with the Church. However, she made up her mind to suffer willingly whatever difficulties came her way because of her decision to behave rightly in following God's truth.
Agatha came late to the study of Catholic doctrine but once she started she grew quickly in fervor. It appears she was not very bright because no matter how hard she tried she was unable to learn the morning and evening prayers by heart. In the end she became known as the woman who knew nothing but "Jesus, Mary".

Han A-gi Barbara'
s mother was a Catholic so she leaned about Jesus from her childhood. Due to the teaching and example of her mother she received a deeply rooted faith, but when she married an unbeliever she gave up practicing it. One day her mother came to see her married daughter, who was a constant source of worry, and met Kim Ob-I Magdalene outside the house. Being Catholics they knew one another, so Barbara's mother greeted Magdalene and grasped her and said.
"Magdelene. How have you been?"
"I give thanks to God for his grace. But what have you come here for?"
"I am here to see my married daughter, who is a constant source of worry. It is the will of God that we have met. She is more likely to listen to you than to me. Let us go in together and talk to her."
"Certainly. In fact, to tell the truth, I have been waiting for just such an opportunity."
So her mother and Kim Ob-I Magdalene urged Barbara to repent. It was a moment of grace for Barbara. She deeply repented her past sins, and from then on she worked hard to learn and practice the Church doctrine and practiced Christian virtues admirably. Barbara was thirty when she tragically lost her husband and three children. Even in the midst of this misfortune her faith did not weaken. Returning to her parents' house she taught catechumens and gave baptism to neighboring children who were in danger of death. She advised sinners to convert and lived chastely, with self-denial. (To be continued on CBCK Newsletter No.39)

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